Allahumma Innaka Afuwwun Dua | 2024

Today, let’s delve into a simple yet potent dua that many may be familiar with: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni” (O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me). This supplication, prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), is especially recommended during the Night of Decree or Lailat-ul-Qadr.

The Night of Decree, mentioned in Surah Al Qadr, is a divine night during the last ten nights of Ramadan, likely on an odd-numbered night. Its significance is emphasized in the Quran, stating that this one night is better than a thousand months. The angels descend, and peace prevails until dawn.

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) advised Aisha to use this particular dua on Laylatul-Qadr. The hadith is recorded in Sunan Ibn Majah and is classified as Sahih (authentic).

Hadith on Night of Decree:
“It was narrated from ‘Aishah that she said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what do you think I should say in my supplication, if I come upon Laylatul-Qadr?’ He said: ‘Say: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni” (O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me).'” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

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Dua in Arabic:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Transliteration:
Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu annee

English Translation:
“O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me” or “O Allah, You are Pardoning and love to pardon, so pardon me.”

This dua holds immense significance during the Night of Decree, the night when the first Quranic verses were revealed. Its recitation reflects humility, seeking forgiveness, and acknowledging Allah’s mercy. May we all benefit from the blessings of this powerful supplication.

ONLY FOR RAMADAN?
While some claim that the dua “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni” should be recited every day of Ramadan, there is no support for this claim in the hadith. The specific day mentioned for reciting this dua is Laylatul Qadr. However, this does not mean it is restricted to that one day. This dua can be recited whenever one wishes to seek forgiveness from their Lord.

THE ADDITION OF KAREEM, CORRECT OR INCORRECT?
In Jami At-Tirmidhi 3513, there is some confusion as this hadith adds a variation to the dua with the word “Kareem” or “Karim,” meaning the most kind or generous.

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Original Dua:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
Transliteration: Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni
Translation: O Allah, indeed You are Pardoning, You love pardon, so pardon me.

Altered Dua:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
Transliteration: Allahumma innaka afuwwun kareem tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni
Translation: O Allah, indeed You are Pardoning, [Generous] You love pardon, so pardon me.

The slight variation with “Kareem” is not from the authentic Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). While it doesn’t make the dua incorrect, there are differences in rewards. The original version is closer to the authentic narration, and adhering to it is recommended for a higher reward.

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Afuwwun Meaning in English

Al-Afuww signifies overlooking the sins of His servants. He, in His Glory and Exalted status, is Most Forgiving and Powerful.

It means He forgives and pardons despite His immense power, which is beyond comparison to human forgiveness that often stems from incapacity.

He pardons despite His absolute power and strength, demonstrating perfect forgiveness. The Exalted One loves those who pardon others.

For those who pardon and seek rectification, their reward lies with Allah. Allah, in His Glory, loves those who forgive people and has instructed such behavior:

“Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good.”

Surah Al-A’raf: 199

Scholars elucidate that al-Afuww means accepting what is fair and easy from people, without burdening or tightening the rope. It emphasizes being kind-hearted, showing forgiveness, and overlooking the mistakes of others.

On the Night of Decree, the best supplication is considered: “O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness, so forgive me.”

Importance of Laylatul Qadr

According to Sheikh Uthaimeen, the excellence of Laylatul Qadr is specific to the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). It is a night that surpasses one thousand months in blessings, and the Prophet was granted this unique night as a gift for his Ummah.

The night of decree falls within the last ten days of Ramadan, with emphasis on its odd nights, particularly the twenty-seventh night. Although it shifts within the ten nights, the Prophet recommended seeking it among the last seven nights.

The precise night changes, but it is hoped to be the twenty-seventh night, with emphasis on the odd nights. This unique night represents one of Allah’s favors on the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).

Forgiveness and Pardon in Laylatul Qadr

The terms forgiveness and pardon in the context of Laylatul Qadr refer to Allah forgiving the sins of His servants, whether they are sins of omission or commission. Forgiveness encompasses both neglecting duties and committing forbidden acts.

The supplication “forgive me” is a request for forgiveness for any shortcomings in worship and any committed sins. It is an acknowledgment of one’s imperfections and a plea for mercy from Allah.

Pardon, in this context, means that Allah transcends and overlooks the sins of His servants, showing mercy and kindness. It is an act of benevolence and a demonstration of Allah’s perfect forgiveness.

The believer is encouraged to adopt qualities of forgiveness, taking from people what is easy and showing kindness rather than harshness. Allah loves those who forgive others, and seeking forgiveness during Laylatul Qadr is a powerful act of worship that can lead to immense rewards.

Conclusion: Stick with the original version “Allahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa’fu anni” for a more authentic practice, especially during moments of tawaf, before or after sadaqah, in difficulty, or during the last ten nights of Ramadan. Allah appreciates any act of worship, but adhering closely to the authentic teachings is always preferable.

In conclusion, Laylatul Qadr holds great significance for the Ummah, and seeking forgiveness and pardon during this blessed night is a means to draw closer to Allah’s mercy and blessings. May Allah grant forgiveness and mercy to all believers.

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