Attahiyat Dua | 2024

How to Recite Attahiyat: A Simple Guide

This guide provides a straightforward explanation of how to recite the Attahiyat dua during prayers, particularly focusing on the initial and final Tashahud. It is designed to assist those who are learning to pray, children, and converts. The importance of proper pronunciation (makhraj) and recitation with Tajweed is emphasized, as these are fundamental aspects of prayer.

Pillars of Prayer:
Understanding the pillars of prayer is crucial, as missing any of them renders the prayer invalid. The Attahiyat, both at the beginning and end of the Tashahud, are considered pillars of prayer. Intentionally leaving a pillar results in a void prayer, while unintentional omissions require correction upon realization.

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Version of Attahiyat:
This guide follows the version attributed to Ibn Abbas, as endorsed by the Shafi’e school of thought. This version is widely accepted in the Muslim communities of Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Attahiyat Meaning:
The term “Tashahud” translates to “testimony [of faith]” in Arabic, also known as Attahiyat, meaning ‘greetings.’ It is the prayer segment where individuals, while kneeling or sitting facing the qibla, glorify God, send greetings to the Prophet, and invoke blessings and peace upon him and the righteous. The recitation is followed by Salawat, an invocation of blessings on the Prophet.

Attahiyat Dua in First Tashahud:
The recitation of Attahiyat in the first Tashahud is outlined, emphasizing the importance of holding the right index finger up during the Shahadah portion.

This guide aims to provide clarity and assistance in correctly reciting the Attahiyat, ensuring a meaningful and valid prayer experience.

The Tashah-hud, or Attahiyat, is a crucial part of the Muslim prayer, and there are variations in its recitation based on different narrations. The two versions mentioned in Bukhari and Abu Dawud offer slightly different wordings. To address which version to recite, it is recommended to learn both and alternate between them. For instance, you can recite the Bukhari version for Fajr, Dhuhr, and Maghrib prayers and the Abu Dawud version for Asr and Isha prayers.

By learning both versions, you ensure that you have covered all aspects of the Sunnah regarding the Tashah-hud. However, if learning both is challenging, you can stick to the version you were initially taught when learning to pray. There is no sin in choosing one over the other or not reciting the alternate version.

It’s important to note that during the Tashah-hud, after the obligatory prayers, a supplication can be added. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) emphasized that when a person sits in prayer, they should acknowledge that all services, good deeds, and blessings are due to Allah. The recitation includes expressing peace upon the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and seeking peace upon oneself and all of Allah’s upright servants. Afterward, a testimony to the oneness of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad (ﷺ) is made, followed by any supplication the worshipper chooses. This comprehensive act of worship is a means of invoking blessings upon oneself and all righteous servants in the heavens and the earth.

The hadith narrated by Abdullah (b. Mas`ud) emphasizes the significance of the Tashahhud (the declaration of faith and blessings upon the Prophet) during the prayer. It highlights the proper manner of expressing peace and blessings in the prayer. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) corrected the companions’ previous practice of invoking peace upon Allah and others, reminding them that Allah is Himself Peace.

The recommended words during the Tashahhud are outlined, including expressions of praise for Allah and invoking peace upon the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and the upright servants of Allah. The narration underscores the universality of this supplication, as it reaches every upright servant in the heavens and the earth.

The Tashahhud concludes with the declaration of the oneness of Allah and the acknowledgment of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) as His servant and Messenger. After these essential statements, the individual is encouraged to choose any supplication that pleases them, offering a moment for personal prayers and requests. This hadith reinforces the significance of the Tashahhud as a comprehensive expression of faith, praise, and supplication within the framework of the prayer.

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Attahiyat, specifically the Tashahhud, carries certain conditions and legal aspects during its recitation:

  1. Listening to Himself Reciting Tashahhud:
  • The individual should be able to hear themselves reciting the Tashahhud during the prayer.
  1. Sequential Reading of Tashahhud:
  • The Tashahhud should be recited sequentially, without interruptions from foreign questions or long silences. Any disruption may invalidate the Tashahhud.
  1. Reciting Tashahhud in Sitting with Greetings:
  • Tashahhud should be recited in a sitting position, followed by greetings.
  1. Reciting Tashahhud in Arabic:
  • The Tashahhud must be recited in Arabic. However, if one is unable to read in Arabic, they can recite the translation in a language they understand, but they are encouraged to learn it in Arabic.
  1. Maintaining Makhraj and Sabdu in Tashahhud Letters:
  • The individual should maintain the correct pronunciation (makhraj) of Tashahhud letters and observe the rules of pronunciation (sabdu).
  1. Reading the Lines of Sabdu in Tashahhud:
  • The lines of sabdu (pronunciation) should be properly read during the Tashahhud.
  1. Reading Tashahhud in Order:
  • Tashahhud should be recited in the correct order. Changing the order may alter the meaning, and it is essential to maintain the proper sequence.

Legal Conditions of Salawat in Attahiyat:

  1. Audible Recitation:
  • Salawat (peace and blessings upon the Prophet) should be recited audibly if the individual has fair hearing.
  1. Use of Specific Words:
  • Specific words like “Muhammad,” “Ar-Rasul,” or “An-Nabi” should be used when reciting Salawat. Merely mentioning “Ahmad” is not sufficient.
  1. Recitation in Arabic:
  • Salawat should be recited in Arabic. If someone cannot read it in Arabic, they can recite the translation in a language they know, but they are encouraged to learn it in Arabic.
  1. Maintaining Makhraj and Syaddah:
  • Proper pronunciation (makhraj) and adherence to the rules of pronunciation (syaddah) should be observed during the recitation of Salawat.
  1. Orderly Recitation:
  • Salawat should be recited in the order taught by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).

Advantages of Attahiyat:

  • Homage to Allah:
  • Attahiyat is a form of offering homage to the Ruler of heaven and earth, expressing glorification, adoration, and praise.
  • Four Forms of Honor:
  • It consists of four forms of honor, including special tributes to Allah, respect for the Messenger of Allah, prosperity over oneself, and prosperity for all pious servants of Allah.
  • Strengthening Membership in the Pious Group:
  • By pronouncing respect and prosperity for all pious servants of God, individuals strengthen their membership in a larger group of pious creatures of God in this world, affirming their faith in Allah and His messenger.


Conclusion on Attahiyat Dua:

Attahiyat, particularly the Tashahhud, is a crucial component of the Muslim prayer (Salah) and carries deep spiritual significance. It is recited while sitting in a specific posture during the prayer and involves expressions of reverence, greetings, and testimonies of faith. Here is a summary of the key points:

  1. Pillars of Prayer:
  • Tashahhud is considered one of the pillars of the prayer, and it is essential to recite it correctly and sequentially during the prayer.
  1. Variations of Attahiyat:
  • There are various versions of Attahiyat, and the version taught may vary based on the school of thought. It is advisable to learn and alternate between different versions.
  1. Meaning and Significance:
  • Attahiyat expresses homage to Allah, greetings to the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), and blessings upon oneself and all pious servants of Allah. It encompasses four forms of honor.
  1. Conditions of Tashahud:
  • There are conditions for the recitation of Tashahud, including listening to oneself, sequential reading, reciting in sitting with greetings, using Arabic, maintaining proper pronunciation, and reading in order.
  1. Legal Conditions of Salawat:
  • When reciting Salawat (peace and blessings upon the Prophet), certain conditions must be met, such as audible recitation, using specific words, reciting in Arabic, maintaining pronunciation, and observing proper order.
  1. Advantages of Attahiyat:
  • Attahiyat serves as a form of homage to Allah, expressing glorification, adoration, and praise. It strengthens the connection with pious servants of God and affirms faith in Allah and His messenger.
  1. Spiritual and Ritual Significance:
  • The practice of reciting Attahiyat holds both spiritual and ritual significance, emphasizing submission, acknowledgment of divine greatness, and unity of faith.


In conclusion, Attahiyat is a profound expression of devotion within the framework of Islamic prayer, embodying the core tenets of faith, respect, and humility before Allah. Learning and understanding its variations and conditions contribute to the fulfillment of the prayer ritual in accordance with Islamic teachings.

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