Zulm in Quran | 2024

What is zulm

Your reflections on injustice and its prohibition in Islam are profound and resonate deeply with the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah. Indeed, injustice in any form is antithetical to the principles of Islam, which emphasize justice, fairness, and compassion.

The verse you cited from the Quran (4:168-169) underscores the severity of injustice, particularly when coupled with disbelief. It highlights that those who engage in wrongdoing and disbelief will not be forgiven by Allah and will face eternal punishment.

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The hadith you mentioned, narrated by Abu Tharr, further emphasizes the prohibition of injustice, both by Allah and among humans. This hadith serves as a reminder to avoid transgressing against others and to uphold justice and fairness in all our dealings.

Your quotation from Ibn Al-Jawzi further elucidates the abominable nature of injustice and its various manifestations, whether in the form of financial oppression or disobedience to Allah’s commandments. It underscores the importance of nurturing a righteous heart and adhering to divine guidance to combat injustice effectively.

Ultimately, your message reinforces the idea that true justice can only be achieved by adhering to the principles of Islam, following the natural disposition (fitrah), and upholding sound reasoning, rather than succumbing to worldly desires and man-made laws. Thank you for sharing these insights.

QUR’AN VERSES ABOUT ZULM

Here are some Quranic verses that address the concept of zulm (injustice or wrongdoing):

  1. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:205):
    “And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption.”
  2. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:114):
    “And who are more unjust than those who prevent the name of Allah from being mentioned in His mosques and strive toward their destruction. It is not for them to enter them except in fear. For them in this world is disgrace, and they will have in the Hereafter a great punishment.”
  3. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:120):
    “And never will the Jews or the Christians approve of you until you follow their religion. Say, ‘Indeed, the guidance of Allah is the [only] guidance.’ If you were to follow their desires after what has come to you of knowledge, you would have against Allah no protector or helper.”
  4. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:140):
    “Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants were Jews or Christians? Say, ‘Are you more knowing or is Allah?’ And who is more unjust than one who conceals a testimony he has from Allah? And Allah is not unaware of what you do.”
  5. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:213):
    “Mankind was [of] one religion [before their deviation]; then Allah sent the prophets as bringers of good tidings and warners and sent down with them the Scripture in truth to judge between the people concerning that in which they differed. And none differed over the Scripture except those who were given it – after the clear proofs came to them – out of jealous animosity among themselves. And Allah guided those who believed to the truth concerning that over which they had differed, by His permission. And Allah guides whom He wills to a straight path.”
  6. Surah Al-Baqarah (2:217):
    “They ask you about the sacred month – about fighting therein. Say, ‘Fighting therein is great [sin], but averting [people] from the way of Allah and disbelief in Him and [preventing access to] al-Masjid al-Haram and the expulsion of its people therefrom are greater [evil] in the sight of Allah. And fitnah is greater than killing.’ And they will continue to fight you until they turn you back from your religion if they are able. And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever – for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.”

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These verses highlight various aspects of zulm, including corruption, preventing the mention of Allah’s name, concealing testimony, causing deviation from the true religion, and fighting against believers. They underscore the importance of justice, adherence to the guidance of Allah, and the consequences of wrongdoing in this world and the Hereafter.

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَمَا اللَّهُ يُرِيدُ ظُلْمًا لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

This verse is from Surah Al-Imran (3:108) in the Quran. It translates to: “These are the verses of Allah. We recite them to you, [O Muhammad], in truth; and Allah wants no injustice to the worlds.”

إِن يَمْسَسْكُمْ قَرْحٌ فَقَدْ مَسَّ الْقَوْمَ قَرْحٌ مِّثْلُهُۥۚ وَتِلْكَ الْأَيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَيَتَّخِذَ مِنكُمْ شُهَدَاءَۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ

This verse is from Surah Al-Imran (3:140) in the Quran. It translates to: “If a wound should touch you – there has already touched the [opposing] people a wound similar to it. And these days [of varying conditions] We alternate among the people so that Allah may make evident those who believe and [may] take to Himself from among you martyrs – and Allah does not like the wrongdoers.”

وَمَن يَفۡعَلۡ ذَٰلِكَ عُدۡوَٰنٗا وَظُلۡمٗا فَسَوۡفَ نُصۡلِيهِ نَارٗاۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرًا

This verse is from Surah An-Nisa (4:30) in the Quran. It translates to: “And whoever does that in aggression and injustice – then We will drive him into a Fire. And that, for Allah, is [always] easy.”

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا

This verse is from Surah An-Nisa (4:58) in the Quran. It translates to: “Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.”

قُلۡ يَٰقَوۡمِ ٱعۡمَلُواْ عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِكُمۡ إِنِّي عَامِلٞۖ فَسَوۡفَ تَعۡلَمُونَ مَن تَكُونُ لَهُۥ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلدَّارِۚ إِنَّهُۥ لَا يُفۡلِحُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ

This verse is from Surah Hud (11:123) in the Quran. It translates to: “Say, ‘O my people, work according to your position; [for] indeed, I am working. And you are going to know who will have succession in the home. Indeed, the wrongdoers will not succeed.'”

وَمَنۡ خَفَّتۡ مَوَٰزِينُهُۥ فَأُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ خَسِرُوٓاْ أَنفُسَهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ بِـَٔايَٰتِنَا يَظۡلِمُونَ
This verse is from Surah Al-A’raf (7:9) in the Quran. It translates to: “And those whose scales are light – they are the ones who will lose themselves for what injustice they were doing toward Our verses.”

وَلَا تَحْسَبَنَّ اللَّهَ غَافِلًا عَمَّا يَعْمَلُ الظَّالِمُونَ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ لِيَوْمٍ تَشْخَصُ فِيهِ الْأَبْصَارُ

This verse is from Surah Ibrahim (14:42) in the Quran. It translates to: “And never think that Allah is unaware of what the wrongdoers do. He only delays them for a Day when eyes will stare [in horror].”

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَا يَخَافُ ظُلْمًا وَلَا هَضْمًا

This verse is from Surah Al-Furqan (25:72) in the Quran. It translates to: “And whoever does righteous deeds, being a believer, shall have no fear of injustice or deprivation.”

“And those who disbelieve say, ‘This [Qur’an] is not except a falsehood he invented, and another people assisted him in it.’ But they have committed an injustice and a lie.” (Quran, Surah An-Naml, 27:14)

This verse highlights the response of those who reject the message of the Qur’an, claiming it to be a fabrication. Their denial and accusations are characterized as both unjust and false.

قَالَ ذَٰلِكَ بَيۡنِي وَبَيۡنَكَۖ أَيَّمَا ٱلۡأَجَلَيۡنِ قَضَيۡتُ فَلَا عُدۡوَٰنَ عَلَيَّۖ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مَا نَقُولُ وَكِيلٞ

“He said, ‘This is [the matter] between me and you. Whichever of the two terms I complete – there is no injustice to me, and Allah, over what we say, is Witness.'” (Quran, Surah Sad, 38:26)

وَإِذۡ قَالَ لُقۡمَٰنُ لِٱبۡنِهِۦ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُۥ يَٰبُنَيَّ لَا تُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِۖ إِنَّ ٱلشِّرۡكَ لَظُلۡمٌ عَظِيمٞ

“And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, ‘O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah. Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice.'” (Quran, Surah Luqman, 31:13)

ٱلۡيَوۡمَ تُجۡزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفۡسِۭ بِمَا كَسَبَتۡۚ لَا ظُلۡمَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡحِسَابِ

“Today, every soul will be recompensed for what it earned. No injustice today! Indeed, Allah is swift in account.” (Quran, Surah Ghafir, 40:17)

This breakdown of the types of wrongdoing (Zulm) provides a comprehensive understanding of its manifestations:

  1. Zulm against oneself through major shirk: This is considered the most severe form of Zulm, as it entails associating partners with Allah (major shirk), which contradicts the fundamental principle of monotheism. Major shirk is considered the greatest injustice because it violates the rights of Allah and leads to eternal punishment.
  2. Zulm between individuals: This type involves transgressions committed by individuals against one another. It includes actions such as murder, physical harm, theft, coercion, and any form of injustice that violates the rights of others, whether it pertains to life, body, or wealth.
  3. Zulm against oneself in matters between the servant and Allah: This refers to sins committed by individuals against themselves in their relationship with Allah. These sins do not necessarily involve harming others but rather entail violating divine commands, neglecting obligations, or engaging in prohibitions. This type of Zulm encompasses actions that affect one’s spiritual well-being and relationship with the Creator.

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The footnotes provided by the translator offer additional context and references from the Quran and Hadith to support each type of Zulm, emphasizing the importance of understanding and avoiding all forms of wrongdoing in Islam.

The first verse you mentioned is from Surah Al-An’am, verse 82, which emphasizes the importance of maintaining pure belief in Allah without associating partners with Him. It highlights that those who believe sincerely and do not mix their belief with wrongdoing (shirk, or associating partners with Allah) will have security and guidance.

The second verse is from Surah Luqman, verse 13, where Luqman advises his son not to associate partners with Allah, emphasizing that doing so is a great wrongdoing (zulm).

These verses underline the fundamental concept in Islam of Tawheed (the Oneness of Allah) and the prohibition of shirk (associating partners with Allah). They remind believers to maintain the purity of their faith and worship only Allah without associating any partners with Him.

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